The increase in population has highlighted the issue of world hunger. Food insecurity and malnutrition have started to surface and became a growing concern of many developing countries. Biotechnology comes into play here, with its new and advanced tools of genetic modification.
What are Genetically Modified Crop and How is it Done?
Genetic Modification (GM) of crops basically refers to the process of improving the livestock by modifying the crop. The genetic modification of crops is highly advanced biotechnology that involves the transfusion of DNA into plant organisms to grow enhanced generations.
Usually, the process works by placing a specific DNA in a selected plant’s cell. It is then grown into a carefully monitored environment to maintain the tissue culture. Once the process is successfully completed, the plant’s new seeds will carry the new DNA. The new plants born are thus resistant to pests and droughts and several potential diseases that otherwise prove fatal to the seed. This whole phenomenon promises an increase in production and enhanced species of crops.
Can it Actually Relive the World of Malnutrition?
The promise of relieving the world of food shortages raises the question of food security and to addresses this question GM crops need to create an environmental impact. Genetically Modified (GM) crops are likely to reduce soil fertility by failing to eradicate any germicides other than pests, thus carry the potential of carrying viruses and other wild organisms to any species of crops. The pondering scientific community has suggested many viable options that can yield better results and ensure food security, including the improvement of economic conditions; however, the practical implication of this proposal alone impose further challenges and issues. While biotechnology can significantly improve the crop, and make the life of farmers, producers and consumers easy, expecting it to combat world hunger alone is not a wise thought.
Advantages of Biotechnology
Nonetheless, Biotechnology can confer many potential advantages when combined with agriculture, including the improvising of many areas such as sustaining crop yields, managing and handling livestock, and storing agricultural products. Agricultural biotechnology also promises the minimum usage of fertilizers and pesticides. One of the biotechnology’s many promising solutions is offering an alternative to synthetic food. It also simultaneously promises to improve traditional plant breeding technologies, offering an environmentally friendly way of meeting the consumer need and their demand for sustainable agriculture. Once the marginal farmers gain access to GM crops’ benefits, the dreams of achieving a greener land can leap towards reality. By smartly tackling the solutions offered by biotechnology, we can overcome one of the most significant challenges.
The underlying factor behind global hunger is poverty, making global hunger more economical than scientific. While biotechnology has advanced to a stage where it can show definite improvements on the raised concern, it cannot overpower the socio-economic and political factors. No matter how much scientists like to eradicate hunger, its roots lie in the socio-economic aspect rather than technology.